ISSN 2075-9711 (печатная версия)
ISSN 2076-8400 (электронная версия)
Ежеквартальный научный журнал на испанском языке.Издается ИЛА РАН
ISSN 2075-9711 (Print)
ISSN 2076-8400 (Online)
Quarterly peer reviewed scientific journal published in Spanish language by the Institute of Latin American Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences (ILA RAS)
ISSN 2075-9711 (Print)
ISSN 2076-8400 (Online)
Revista científica trimestral en español. Editada por el Instituto de Latinoamérica de la Academia de Ciencias de Rusia (ILA ACR)

Iberoamerica 2022 №4

  • Русский
  • English
  • Español
This issue includes three blocks. The first, the largest one, is dedicated to Brazil, once again at a crossroads. In her article Liudmila S. Okuneva analyzes the campaign and the results of the 2022 general elections, which largely determine not only the model of the country's future socio-economic development, but also its positioning in the international arena. The author explores the features and paradoxes of the confrontation between the main candidates for the post of head of state, the main topics raised by the applicants, as well as their tactical steps. In addition, the first steps of the “transitional team” of Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva are shown in the formation of the future cabinet, which will have to take into account the new complex socio-economic and political reality. Natalia S. Konstantinova examines the development of Brazilian culture during the COVID-19 pandemic, which accelerated the virtualization of cultural life with its positive and negative sides, revealed the lack of effectiveness of the federal government and exposed the most pressing problems of society. Particular attention is paid to the problem of survival of popular culture during the pandemic, the carriers of which are the most vulnerable layers of the Brazilian society.
The foreign policy of the continental giant has attracted the attention of several authors. The article by Brazilian researcher Marcos Antonio da Silva reveals the main directions, strategy, and influence on the international position of foreign policy. The author concludes that it is the result of the interaction between autonomy and development, diversification and universalization. While foreign policy continuity has been maintained for a long time, President Jair Bolsonaro (2019-2022) is breaking with diplomatic traditions, basing his strategy and tactics on an alliance with the United States and a conservative course, which has negative consequences for the country. André Luiz Reis da Silva and Lilia E. Ilikova explored Russia's relations with Latin America and with Brazil. Their article shows that in the post-Soviet period, relations with the countries of the Latin American region were rebuilt on the basis of mutually beneficial cooperation, and the development of this direction in international relations is becoming increasingly important for Russia. Vladimir A. Goliney realizes a quantitative analysis of Brazil's cooperation with African countries. This author uses indicators related to trade, economic and political cooperation and pays special attention to the official visits of Brazilian presidents to African states. These statistics show that Africa occupies the third place in Brazil's foreign policy after Latin America and Europe. Lula's victory in the 2022 elections suggests that after a certain recession, the African vector of Brazil may again become one of the priorities. Johnatan da Costa Santos analyzes Brazil's position on reforming the United Nations. Regardless of the political orientation of governments, Brazil aspired to become a permanent member of the UN Security Council and considers that the the composition of this structure no longer reflects the balance of power in the international arena. At the same time, the lack of support from neighboring states due to distrust of the country as a regional leader and the split of the world community make the Brazilian dream more and more distant.
The second block reflects the political and social problems of Argentina. The historian and political scientist Nailya M. Yakovleva analyzes the causes and consequences of political shifts in this country against the backdrop of a pandemic that exacerbated conflicts between branches of government and within the ruling coalition, and revealed serious governance gaps in such extraordinary conditions. The dissatisfaction of the electorate with the Peronist authorities has already manifested itself in the 2021 parliamentary elections, and the 2013 elections will decided the further fate of the country, the Justicialist Party, and Peronism as the main ideological and political movement. The sociologist Isabel Antonieta Moraita compares youth perceptions of corruption in Russia and Argentina. The results of her research show that for Argentine youth, corruption is associated with the problems of democratic regime, the police, and capitalism and is perceived as a way to discredit ideological opponents. In Russia, it is associated with the state and its officials, and is also used to solve everyday problems and equalize opportunities, while a society without corruption is considered chaotic and unpredictable.
The editors of the journal consider necessary to acquaint foreign readers with the main monographs published in Russia on the problems of the Ibero-American countries. This issue contains reviews by Irina V. Selivanova on the monograph "History of Colombia from Ancient Times to the Beginning of the 21st Century" and by Sergey M. Khenkin on “Spain: Difficult Option in Conditions of Uncertainty”.  



2022, num. 4 (October – December)



Liudmila S. Okuneva. Paradoxes of the 2022 Presidential Election in Brazil: Challenges of the New Political Reality

Natalia S. Konstantinova. Brazilian Culture during the Pandemic

Marcos Antonio da Silva. A Drifting Giant: Ruptures and Setbacks in Brazilian Foreign Policy in the Bolsonaro Government (2019-2022)

André Luiz Reis da Silva, Lilia E. Ilikova. The Russian Foreign Policy and its Relations with Latin America and Brazil

Vladimir A. Goliney. Bilateral Cooperation between Brazil and African Countries: Quantitative Analysis

Johnatan da Costa Santos. A Distant Reality? Brazil and its Dilemma in Reforming the United Nations


Nailya M. Yakovleva. Argentina: political panorama under pandemic impact 

Isabel Antonieta Morayta. The younger generation and corruption: a comparative analysis of perceptions in Russia and Argentina


Irina V. Selivanova. Colombian History: a View from Russia

Sergey M. Khenkin. Spain Facing new Challenges