ISSN 2075-9711 (печатная версия)
ISSN 2076-8400 (электронная версия)
Ежеквартальный научный журнал на испанском языке.Издается ИЛА РАН
ISSN 2075-9711 (Print)
ISSN 2076-8400 (Online)
Quarterly peer reviewed scientific journal published in Spanish language by the Institute of Latin American Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences (ILA RAS)
ISSN 2075-9711 (Print)
ISSN 2076-8400 (Online)
Revista científica trimestral en español. Editada por el Instituto de Latinoamérica de la Academia de Ciencias de Rusia (ILA ACR)

Iberoamerica 2020 №3

  • Русский
  • English
  • Español

  This issue starts with the section concerning the topics of security, left forces integration and strategy. The paper “Multidimensional security and Latin American integration in times of crisis” by Lazar S. Jeifets and Kseniya A. Konovalova regards the functionality of the South American Defense Council as the basis of the security community in the UNASUR, the Organization’s of American States attempts to mitigate the Venezuelan crisis and the interaction between Colombia and NATO. The authors come to the conclusions that the Latin American security space is fragmentized. The next article by Anton S. Andreev “Left movement in Uruguay: between the COMINTERN heritage and new strategies" focuses on the Uruguayan left movement state in the new century. The left movement challenges and characteristics as well as the III (Communist) International impact on the political practice and theory of the Uruguayan left movement, tactics and program of the Broad Front coalition are evidenced by the press data, expert opinions and public and party documents.

 The sustainable development matters are subject of the three following articles of the second section. Liudmila B. Nikolaeva analyzes the results of Paris Consensus adopted in 2015 by 197 countries which undertook to do all their best to maintain the global warming increase within 1,5°С until 2100 year, The author studies the measures implemented by Latin American nations in order to dwindle the gas emissions, to update technology and to be adapted to the climate change. Violetta M. Tayar assesses the possibilities of cooperation between European Union and Latin America to provide both the sustainable development and ecological problem solution. The author concludes that the EU acts the main initiator of governmental programs on the north-south line intended to solve global problems, including those of the environmental protection. Therefore, now the EU and Latin America collaboration for the sustainable development becomes the most relevant it has ever been before. The Chilean researcher Rudy Alberto Gomez del Cid centers on the weak points of The Customs Union (AU) of the North Central America Triangle (TNC) made between Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador. The author postulates that the current Customs Union has not impartially met its original objectives and fails to promote economic sustainable economic development of its members.

 The frontier and exclave territories are the subject of the third section. Irina I. Arsentyeva opens it giving insight to the current state and prospects for development of the triple frontier of Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay, where the objective natural conditions are favorable for these three countries integration  and  regarded as basis for social economic development of the zone. On the other hand, the problems of illicit drugs and firearms trafficking, organized crime and terrorism prevent the three bordering nations from the successful interaction.  The next article of this section deals with a comparative analysis of the political urbanization trends in the exclave city-states under the protectorate of Spain and Great Britain The author Oleg N. Zabuzov offers his vision on the political urbanization transformations in Ceuta, Melilla and Gibraltar and the nature of ongoing sovereignty dispute: Morocco claims Ceuta and Melilla and Spain claims Gibraltar. The insight is given to the process of constitution of municipal and state power of Ceuta, Melilla and Gibraltar and of their political space. The relationship with the European Union and NATO is detailed.

 The last section of this issue deals with the political and economic relations. Andrey S. Yevseenko in his article “Latin America and the Middle East: evolution of the relations” analyzes the relations between two peripheral regions, none of which enjoys leading positions in the world economy and global policy. Nevertheless, they  would  like these global trends to be reversed. The author believes that this is the motive for the regional leaders to unite their efforts to resist the foreign pressing, particularly, the USA´s one. In the article by “Russia– Spain: the trade and economic relations”, Petr P. Yakovlev finds that since the second half of the 1990-ies,  Russian-Spanish trade has been characterized by some structural stability “Amid the high dynamics of the bilateral trade, Spanish-Russian investment cooperation was relatively poorly developed. The author presumes that in a period of extremely high prices for energy, the Spanish companies were “unaware” of the investment boom in the Russian market and issed their opportunities, which were skillfully used by  the investors from Britain, Germany, the Netherlands, France, Italy and other developed countries. The bilateral relations were damaged  when  Spain joined the European Union's sanctions imposed on Russia”.

Iberoamerica, num.3, 2020 (July - september)



Lazar S. Jeifets, Kseniya A. Konovalova. Multidimensional security and Latin American integration in times of crisis

Anton S. Andreev. Left movement in Uruguay: between the Comintern heritage and new strategies


Liudmila B. Nikolaeva. Paris consensus and environmental policy change

Violetta M. Tayar. European Union and Latin Fmerica: sustainable development and environmental effects

Rudy Alberto Gómez del Cid. Insufficiency of the Customs Union as an engine of economic development in the Northern Triangle of Central America


Irina A. Arsentyeva. The Triple Frontier of Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay: current state and prospects for development

Oleg N. Zabuzov. Trends in political urbanization in Ceuta, Melilla and Gibraltar: a comparative analysis


Andrey S. Yevseenko. Latin America and Middle East: Evolution of the relations

Petr P. Yakovlev. Russia – Spain: the trade and economic relations